Saturday, April 12, 2014

TUGASAN 1 - Tingkatan 3

Tel : 04-9257855 Fax : 04-9257844        Email :

Tingkatan 3

Nama              : …………………………………………………………………..…….
Tingkatan        : 3 FIKIR / 3 JUARA / 3 NEKAD / 3 RAJIN / 3 WAJA


  1. Pelajar dikehendaki menyiapkan satu tugasan yang bertajuk “ KOMPUTER / PERALATAN ICT IDAMAN SAYA”.
  2. Tugasan ini hendaklah mengandungi
A.      gambar (berwarna).
B.      spesifikasi.
C.      komen/sebab mengapa memilih peralatan tersebut.

Tugasan boleh disediakan samada di dalam Bahasa Melayu atau Bahasa Inggeris.

Tandatangan pelajar,                                                                        Tandatangan Ibubapa/Penjaga

    …………………………………….                                                             ………………………………….….

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The internet or the Net is the world’s largest computer network which connects millions of computer all over the world. Many organizations including private as well as government agencies, educational institutions and individuals are connected to the Internet.

More than one billion people around the world use the internet daily for a variety of reasons, including the following:
• Communicate with and meet other people
• Access a wealth of information, news, and research findings
• Shop for goods and services
• Bank and invest
• Take a class
• Access sources of entertainment and leisure, such as online games, videos, books and  
• Download music
• Share information

Advantages of the Internet
1. Data and information rich, including a range of media.
2. Anyone can  publish online ( and other hosting sites)
3. Learners can become researchers because of easier access to data
4. Search engines that are fast and powerful
5. Easy  to use.
6. Smaller, faster, cheaper all the time

Disadvantages of the Internet
1. Information overload.
2. No librarians for quality control (with some exceptions, like Kids Click! And other sites for
3. Need for quality control in the data that student find and use.
4. Search engine that show result base on who pays the most.
5. Not enough training for effective use.
6. Push to upgrade constantly.

Basic requirements needed to access the internet :
1. Network Interface Card (NIC)
A network interface card is a computer circuit board that is installed in a computer so that it can be connected to a network. 

2. Access Account
New subscriber needs to subscribe for an account from the service provider (ISP).
There are several listed internet service providers in Malaysia such as JARING, TELEKOM MALAYSIA - TMnet, MAXIS - and TIME.COM -

There are two ways of accessing the internet:
a. Direct access:
User computers are directly connected to the internet through a local network server
b. Dial-up 
Accessing the internet is made by making a call through the telephone line to the ISP

3. Wireless Network Interface Card
Is a network card which connects to a radio-based computer network? It uses an antenna to communicate through microwave. A WNIC can operate in two modes known as infrastructure mode and ad hoc mode. In an infrastructure mode network the WNIC needs an access point while an ad hoc mode network the WNIC does not require an access point.

4. Modem (internal and external)
Modem is abbreviation for modulator/demodulator. It is a device that enables a computer transmits data over telephone or cable lines.   Computer information is store digitally, whereas information transmitted over telephone lines is transmitted in the form analog waves. A modem converts between these two forms. There are two types of modem, external and internal modem.
External modem can be attached to any computer that has an RS-232 port. An internal modem is an expansion board that can be inserted into vacant expansion slot in a computer.

 5. Hub / Switch
A hub is a device acting as the cable center of a network that uses to connect segments of LAN and has either 8 or 16 port. Hub broadcasts the data that it receives from one port to all of its port.
A switch can also connect multiple communication lines and it can receive packets from different protocol. Switch is more intelligent than a hub as it will on only deliver the data to the particular port.  This actually helps to make the network significantly faster.  It filters and forward packers between a LAN segments.

6. Router
 A router is attached to two or more networks a forwards Packets form one network to another. It acts as a junction between two or more networks to butter and transfer data packets among them.

7. Wireless Access Point

Wireless access point or AP is a device that connects wireless communication devices together to form a wireless network.  It is usually connects to a wired network and can relay data between wireless and wired devices.

Tuesday, March 6, 2012


1. Pelajar dikehendaki menyiapkan satu blogpage yang bertajuk “ CATATAN SEMASA CUTI PERTENGAHAN SEMESTER 1/2012 ”.
2. Tugasan ini hendaklah menerangkan secara lengkap perjalanan kehidupan seharian pelajar semasa cuti. Dan setiap sesuatu perkara yang hendak disampaikan hendaklah disokong oleh teks, imej (foto), video ataupun animasi.

Tugasan boleh disediakan samada di dalam Bahasa Melayu atau Bahasa Inggeris.

Saturday, January 22, 2011

Introduction To Networks

a. Networks Definition
A network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources (such as printers and CD-ROMs), exchange files, and allow electronic communications. The computers on a network may be linked through cables, telephone lines, radio waves, satellites or infrared light beams.

b. Benefits of Computer Networks

1. File Sharing -
Network file sharing between computers gives you more flexibility rather than using floppy drives or Zip drives. you can use the network to save copies of your important data on a different computer, examples share photos, music files and documents.

2. Sharing Devices.
Sharing devices is another benefit in which a network exceeds stand-alone computers. For example laser printers, fax machines, modems, scanners and CD-ROM players, when these peripherals are added to a network, they can be shared by many users.

3. Sharing Internet Access.
In computer network, students can access the internet simultaneously.

4. Speed.
Using a network is faster way for sharing and transferring files. Without a network, files are shared by copying them to floppy disk.

5. Cost.
Networkable versions of many popular software programmes are available at considerable savings compared to buying individual licensed copies. Its allows easier upgrading of the program.

6. Security.
Files and programmes on a network are more secure as the users do not have to worry about illegal copying of programmes. Passwords can be applied for specific directories to restrict access to unauthorized users.

7. Centralized Software Management.
One of the greatest benefits of installing a school network is the fact that all of the software can be loaded on one computer (the server). This saves time and energy when installing updates and tracking files.

8. Electronic Mail.
A network that provides the hardware necessary to install an e-mail system. E-mail’s help in personal and professional communication for all school personnel as it enables the spread of general information to the entire school staff. Example, electronic mail on LAN (Local Area Network) enables students to communicate with teachers and peers at their own school when connected to the Internet, it enables users to communicate with others.

9. Flexible Access.
School networks allow students to access their files from computers throughout the school. Some schools provide public access to students to begin an assignment in the computer lab and save then access the file when they are at a cyber café or home.

Selamat Datang Tahun 2011

Kepada semua pelajar program ICTL Tingkatan 3 2011, diharapkan blog ini dapat membantu kamu semua. Insyaallah.....